ITRA

Information Technology Research Academy

Improving Groundwater Levels

and Quality through Enhanced Water Use Efficiency in Eastern Indian Agriculture

  • Development of a few representative Digital Catchments in eastern India for better understanding of their spatio-temporal dynamics and water balance across various hydrologic reservoirs and their underlying cause/effect relationships at different scales.
  • Monitoring aquifer recharge and recovery pertaining to present agricultural and other activities at different spatial (field, catchment) and temporal (monthly, seasonal, annual) scales using wireless technology.
  • Evaluation of different storm-water management, innovative agricultural water management, conjunctive use of surface and ground water, and aquifer recharge techniques for reversing the declining trend of groundwater table in the study aquifers.
  • Study of the effect of climate variability on water resources availability in general and soil moisture availability in the root zone in particular for the eastern India through pilot experiments, historical data analysis, and simulation modeling.
  • Formulation of regional up- and downscaling relationships for root zone soil moisture and groundwater recharge attributes using field experiments and available ISRO and NASA satellite remote sensing data.
  • Development of a Decision Support System (DSS) for determination of best management practices (BMP) for all scenarios of water resources management for the study catchments and groundwater aquifers and extrapolation of the findings to other basins.
  • The digital catchments having typical features of eastern India will be the models for understanding the critical physical processes, problems related to agricultural water management and other allied problems due to climate variability etc. and for evaluating all possible solutions that will have impact on rural and semi-urban community.
  • The low-cost in-situ sensor and wireless based techniques for monitoring of aquifer recharge, recovery and water quality in conjunction with agricultural and other activities at spatial and temporal scales will generate a valuable data base for all stake holders.
  • Low cost storm-water management, recharge and innovative agricultural water management techniques considering conjunctive use of surface and ground water will be developed for reversing the declining trend of groundwater table and quality.
  • Accurate up-and downscaling techniques evolved will be useful for estimating the root zone soil moisture and groundwater recharge attributes and for making decisions for agricultural water management at field and regional scales. It will have bearing on reversal of declining ground water level, quality and crop yield at regional levels
  • The developed Decision Support System (DSS) will be a versatile and user friendly tool for best management practices(BMP) pertaining to all scenarios (existing and proposed) of water resources management. It can also be used for all kind of decisions by the stake holders at all levels (farmers, academicians, planners and decision makers).
  • The developed IT based interdisciplinary curriculum, incorporating holistic approach will have bearing on the society. It will involve education with practical experience in solving real life problems with due consideration to environmental and ethical issues.
  • Disaggregation methods based scale-appropriate dominant physical controls for extracting various field-scale land surface information for estimation of soil moisture at field scale for irrigation water management & recharge estimation
  • Regional scale root zone soil moisture projections based on climate projections
  • Development of appropriate conjunctive use protocol & precision irrigation strategies based on water quality & cropping requirements
  • Development of a low-cost sensor based wireless monitoring and web based dissemination technique for groundwater level and quality for stake holders
  • Development of conceptual & ANN models to estimate groundwater table fluctuations
  • Most appropriate low cost recharge technique for reversal of falling groundwater level
  • Development & use of a broad-based Decision Support System (DSS)
  • IT based interdisciplinary curriculum for future water professionals
  • Human Resources Development in Water Resources Sector in the form of Ph.D students
  • Multi-institutional joint publications in high impact journals
  • Multi-disciplinary educational publications like books, & technical bulletins for students, instructors & professionals
Principal Investigators
Dr. R.K. Panda, IIT BBSR rkpanda56@gmail.com Link to homepage
Dr. K.N. Tiwari, IIT Kgp kamlesh@agfe.iitkgp.ernet.in Link to homepage
Dr. M.K. Jha, IIT Kgp madan@agfe.iitkgp.ernet.in Link to homepage
Dr. S. Tripathy, IIT BBSR stripathy@iitbbs.ac.in Link to homepage
Dr. Bitanjay Das, KIIT U bdasfce@kiit.ac.in Link to homepage

Improving Groundwater Levels

and Quality through Enhanced Water Use Efficiency in Eastern Indian Agriculture


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PhD Students

Improving Groundwater Levels

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Collaborators

Improving Groundwater Levels

and Quality through Enhanced Water Use Efficiency in Eastern Indian Agriculture


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Institutions

IIT BhubaneshwarIIT KharagpurKIIT University Bhubaneswar

improving groundwater levels

For more details, check the project website.

                                                   Project Status
PhD Student(s) 8
Publications   0
Number of Workshop/Training(s)  0
Labs Created 0

 

Publications

Improving Groundwater Levels

and Quality through Enhanced Water Use Efficiency in Eastern Indian Agriculture


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